The machine in the foreground is a multi-function unit. Here, it is used to lift and insert prefabricated housing components into a support structure.

Although these “prefab” units will be composed of standard components, they will be of a modular design of such a wide and diverse array as to allow maximum individual expression in interior design and décor.


The construction of these industrial and research complexes in the Circular City can be carried out by robotic equipment that will receive instructions via satellite.

Automated cranes travel along the buildings’ length installing floors, windows, curtain walls, roofing, and other components from the ground up. These devices will contain sensors to minimize industrial accidents or collisions with other devices or living beings.


The future of nanotechnology offers enormous potential.

Nanotechnology combines optics and lasers, and will eventually enable us to assemble matter, atom by atom, into whatever molecular structure is needed. Nanotechnology will lead to a sub-microscopic revolution in all fields, including the way in which we conduct human affairs.


This scene depicts a laser excavator of the future. Such devices, which could be directed via satellite, would be capable of fusing the earth beneath it into a molten magma-like material.

This machine would be able to change its shape to conform to a wide range of contours such as canals, roads, and waterways.


These “multi access industrial robots” will utilize vast information resources, which will enable them to receive commands via satellite up-link or on-site. They can also be designed to take appropriate actions in the absence of human directives by combining an array of sensors and receivers with sophisticated decision making abilities. They will be capable of handling a wide range of industrial production tasks, and will be able to upgrade their level of service and replace defective or worn parts. These mega robots will communicate with one another to coordinate delivery of the required materials for each project.